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Bales, K., & Lize, S. (2005). Trafficking in persons in the United States. A report to the National Institute of Justice. Croft Institute for International Studies, University of Mississippi. Retrieved September 15, 2012 from

Beck, M., Lineer, M. M., Melzer-Lange, M., Simpson, P., Nugent, M., & Rabbitt, A. (2015). Medical Providers’ Understanding of Sex Trafficking and Their Experience With At-Risk Patients. Retrieved from

Brennan, D. (2005). Methodological challenges in research with trafficked persons: Tales from the field. International Migration, 43(1/2), 35–54.

Brunovskis, A., & Surtees, R. (2010). Untold stories: Biases and selection effects in research with victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation. International Migration, 48(4), 1–37.

City of Wisconsin. (2018). Estimating the Magnitude of Sex Trafficking Risks and Victimization of Juveniles and Young Adults. Retrieved from

Dank, M., Khan B., Downey, M. P., Kotonias, C., Mayer, D., Owens, C., … Yu, L. (2014). Estimating the Size and Structure of the Underground Commercial Sex Economy in Eight Major US Cities. Retrieved from

Davis, T. (2017). Art Therapy Exhibitions: Exploitation or Advocacy? AMA J Ethics. 2017;19(1):98-106. doi: 10.1001/journalofethics.2017.19.1.imhl1-1701.

Farley, M., Matthews, N., Deer, S., Lopez, G., Stark, C., & Hudon, E. (2011). Garden of Truth: The Prostitution and Trafficking of Native Women in Minnesota. Retrieved from

Farrell, A., McDevitt, J., & Fahy, S. (2010). Where are all the victims? Understanding the determinants of official identification of human trafficking incidents. Criminology & Public Policy, 9(2), 201–233.

Hadjiyanni, T., & Johnson, K. (2018). Dress and place in sex work – Attracting customers through virtual environments. In Annette Lynch & Katalin Medvedev (Eds), Fashion, sex and power: Performing agency, following script. New York, NY: Bloomsbury, pp.17–185.

Hadjiyanni, T., Povlitzki, M., & Preble, H. (2014). The placeness of sex trafficking – Instilling consciousness through Minnesota’s experience. Journal of Interior Design Special Issue on Interior Design Collaboration, 39(1), 1–16.

Hetter, K. (2012, March 1). Fighting sex trafficking in hotels, one room at a time. Retrieved January 10, 2013 from

Hodge, D. R. (2008). Sexual trafficking in the United States: A domestic problem with transnational dimensions. Social Work, 53(2), 143–152.

Kotrla, K. (2010). Domestic minor sex trafficking in the United States. Social Work, 55(2), 181–187.

Landesman, P. (2004). The girls next door. The New York Times, January 25, 2004. Retrieved November 4, 2012 from

Logan, T. K., Walker, R., & Hunt, G. (2009). Understanding human trafficking in the United States. Trauma Violence Abuse, 10(3), 3–30.

Martin, L. (2010). The prostitution project: Community-based research on sex trading in north Minneapolis. CURA Reporter, 40(3–4), 12.

Martin, L. (2012). Early Intervention to Avoid Sex Trading and Trafficking of Minnesota’s Female Youth: A Benefit-Cost Analysis. Retrieved from

Martin, L. (2013). Sampling and sex trading: Lessons on research design and recruitment strategies from the street. Action Research Journal, 11(3), 218–233.

Martin, L., Melander, C., Karnik, H., & Nakamura, C. (2017). Mapping the demand – Sex buyers in the state of Minnesota. Available at

Martin, L., & Hill, A. (2017). Sex Trafficking and the 2018 Super Bowl in Minneapolis: A Research Brief. Retrieved from

Martin, L., & Holger-Ambrose, B. (2016). Youth Participatory Action Research: Creating a Marketing Intervention for the Prevention of Sexual Exploitation among Youth Populations at High Risk for Trafficking. Retrieved from

McKenzie, S. (2012, December 10–23). Out of the dark—Shining light on youth prostitution. Southwest Journal, 23(25), 1–A14.

Murtagh, H. (2012). Curbing trafficking problems. The Daily Journal: San Mateo County’s Homepage. Retrieved from

Musto, J. J. (2009). What’s in a name? Conflations and contradictions in contemporary U.S. discourses of human trafficking. Women’s Studies International Forum, 32, 281–287.

Newton, P. J., Mulcahy, T. M., & Martin, S. E. (2008). Finding victims of human trafficking. National Opinion Research Center (NORC) at the University of Chicago. Retrieved December 1, 2012 from

Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation. (2009). Human Trafficking Within and Into the Untied States: A Review of the Literature. Retrieved August 15, 2019 from

Pierce, Alexandra (Sandi). (2009). Shattered hearts (full report): The commercial sexual exploitation of American Indian women and girls in Minnesota. Retrieved from

Rand, A. (2010). It can’t happen in my backyard: The commercial sexual exploitation of girls in the United States. Child & Youth Services, 31(3–4), 138–156.

Reid, J. A. (2010). Doors wide shut: Barriers to the successful delivery of victim services for domestically trafficked minors in a southern U.S. metropolitan area. Women & Criminal Justice, 20(1–2), 147–166.

Raymond, J. G., Hughes, D. M., & Gomez, C. J. (2001). Sex trafficking of women in the United States: International and domestic trends. Coalition against trafficking in women. Retrieved December 1, 2012 from

The Human Trafficking Institute. (2019). 2018 Federal Human Trafficking Report. Retrieved on August 15, 2019 from

Tresniowski, A. (2006). Nightmare at the truck stop. People, 65(17). Retrieved January 26, 2013 from,,20062080,00.html

U.S. Department of State. (2016). Trafficking in Persons Report. Retrieved August 7, 2019 from

Van Hollen, J. B. (2012). Human trafficking, a guide for criminal justice professionals. A guide to assist in evaluation agency preparedness to recognize the crime of human trafficking, protect victims, hold offenders accountable. Office of the Attorney General Wisconsin Department of Justice. Retrieved from

Women’s Foundation of Minnesota. (2014). Mapping the Market for Sex with Trafficked Minor Girls in Minneapolis: Structures, Functions, and Patterns. Retrieved from

Women’s Foundation of Minnesota. (2014). MN Girls are Not for Sale CASE STUDY: Chronicling a Statewide Campaign. Retrieved from

Women’s Foundation of Minnesota. (2018). 2018 Status of Women & Girls in Minnesota. Retrieved from

For latest discussions on trafficking, check the Journal of Human Trafficking.

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